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In classical Greece he was the god of light and of music, but in popular religion he had a strong function to keep away evil.discerned three components in the prehistory of Apollo worship, which he termed "a Dorian-northwest Greek component, a Cretan-Minoan component, and a Syro-Hittite component." From his eastern origin Apollo brought the art of inspection of "symbols and omina" (σημεία και τέρατα : semeia kai terata), and of the observation of the omens of the days.perhaps related to Hurrian (and certainly the Etruscan) Aplu, a god of plague, in turn likely from Akkadian Aplu Enlil meaning simply "the son of Enlil", a title that was given to the god Nergal, who was linked to Shamash, Babylonian god of the sun.The role of Apollo as god of plague is evident in the invocation of Apollo Smintheus ("mouse Apollo") by Chryses, the Trojan priest of Apollo, with the purpose of sending a plague against the Greeks (the reasoning behind a god of the plague becoming a god of healing is of course apotropaic, meaning that the god responsible for bringing the plague must be appeased in order to remove the plague).The Delos sanctuary was primarily dedicated to Artemis, Apollo's twin sister.At Delphi, Apollo was venerated as the slayer of Pytho.The improvement of the old Anatolian god, and his elevation to an intellectual sphere, may be considered an achievement of the Greek people. He did not have a separate cult, but he was the personification of the holy magic-song sung by the magicians that was supposed to cure disease.
Medicine and healing are associated with Apollo, whether through the god himself or mediated through his son Asclepius, yet Apollo was also seen as a god who could bring ill-health and deadly plague.
Apollo is the son of Zeus and Leto, and has a twin sister, the chaste huntress Artemis.
Apollo is known in Greek-influenced Etruscan mythology as Apulu.
For the Greeks, Apollo was all the Gods in one and through the centuries he acquired different functions which could originate from different gods.
In archaic Greece he was the prophet, the oracular god who in older times was connected with "healing".